Click the individual journal articles for free access to the on-line Version of the Journal of Gang Research

(Not all the articles have a link yet: this is a developing project, designed to be a service to the social science professions (sociology, criminology, criminal justice, psychology, etc) and our commitments to our library subscribers, so if you want to volunteer some help to expedite the project, please call the NGCRC, we are always looking for people wanting to volunteer or do community service using technical skills such as help translating text files into pdf files, loading them to the website, checking links, etc).

Note: some of the free journal listings begin at Volume 12, No. 4: Summer, 2005 and end with Volume 19, Number 4: so about 6 or 7 full years are now listed here. Just click the article title and see a PDF version of the journal article. We are working on this project NOW, it is a "work in project". Note from the IT staff working on this project: we will not be able to do the first couple volumes until last, we are focusing on more recent publications first.

Last updated: 14 Oct. 2018

Volume 1, Number 1:

"Lost in the Melting Pot: Asian Youth Gangs in the United States", by John Huey-Long Song, John Dembrink, and Gilbert Geis, pp. 1-12.

"Coming Out to Play: Reasons to Join and Participate in Asian Gangs", by Calvin Toy, pp. 13-30.

"Being Bad is Good: Explorations of the Bodgie Gang Culture in South East Australia, 1984-1956", by Judith Bessant and Rob Watts, pp. 31-56.

"Sisters Are Doin' It For Themselves: A Black Female Gang in San Francisco", by David Lauderback, Joy Hansen, and Dan Waldorf, pp. 57-72.

"Comparing Gang and Non-Gang Offenders: Some Tentative Findings", by Randall G. Shelden, Ted Snodgrass, and Pam Snodgrass, pp. 73-86.

"Views from the Field: The Future is Here Today: Street Gang Trends", by Robert W. Dart, pp. 87-90.

Volume 1, Number 2:

"Investigating Gang Migration: Contextual Issues for Intervention", by Cheryl L. Maxson, pp. 1-8.

"Issues in Accessing and Studying Ethnic Youth Gangs", by Karen A. Joe, pp. 9-24.

"Methodological Issues in Studying Chinese Gang Extortion", by Ko-lin Chin, Robert J. Kelly, and Jeffrey A. Fagan, pp. 25-36.

"A Preliminary Inquiry into Alabama Youth Gang Membership", by Carol Aiken, Jeffrey P. Rush, and Jerry Wycoff, pp. 37-48.

"Review Essay: A Methodological Critique of Islands in the Street", by James F. Anderson, pp. 49-58.

"An Interview with Lewis Yablonsky: The Violent Gang and Beyond", by James G. Houston, pp. 59-68.

“Gang Colors: Should Students Be Allowed to Wear Them in College?”, pp. 69-70.

Volume 1, Number 3:

"Predictors of the Severity of the Gang Problem at the Local Level: An Analysis of Police Perceptions", by James F. Quinn and Bill Downs, pp. 1-11.

"Preliminary Findings from the 1992 Law Enforcement Mail Questionnaire Project", by George W. Knox, Edward D. Tromanhauser, Pamela Irving Jackson, Darek Niklas, James G. Houston, Paul Koch, and James R. Sutton, pp. 12-28.

"Non-Criminal Predictors of Gang Violence: An Analysis of Police Perceptions", by James F. Quinn and William Downs, pp. 29-38.

"The Implications of Social Psychological Theories of Group Dynamics for Gang Research", by Key Sun, pp. 39-44.

"Joe: The Story of an Ex-Gang Member", by Jessie Collins, pp. 45-50.

"An Interview With Richard Cloward", by Jeffrey Paul Rush, pp. 51-54.

Volume 1, Number 4:

"Do Gang Prevention Strategies Actually Reduce Crime?", by Dennis Palumbo, Robert Eskay, and Michael Hallett, pp. 1-10.

"When the Crips Invaded San Francisco - Gang Migration", by Dan Waldorf, pp. 11-16.

"Fraud Masters: Studying an Illusory, Non-Violent Gang Specializing in Credit Card Crimes", by Jerome E. Jackson, pp. 17-36.

"Asian Gang Problems and Social Policy Solutions: A Discussion and Review", by Lee-jan Jan, pp. 37-44.

"The Legacy of Street Corner Society and Gang Research in the 1990s: An Interview with William F. Whyte", by Karen A. Joe, pp. 45-52.

Volume 2, Number 1 (Fall 1994):

"The Effects of Gangs on Student Performance and Delinquency in Public Schools", by Thomas A. Regulus.

"The American 'Juvenile Underclass' and the Cultural Colonisation of Young Australians Under Conditions of Modernity", by Judith Bessant.

"National Policy Neglect and Its Impact on Gang Suppression", by James G. Houston.

"Youth Gang Intervention and Prevention in Texas: Evaluating Community Mobilization Training", by Elizabeth H. McConnell.

Volume 2, Number 2 (Winter 1995):

"A Comparative Analysis of Prison Gang Members, Security Threat Group Inmates and General Population Prisoners in the Texas Department of Corrections", by Robert S. Fong and Ronald E. Vogel, pp. 1-12.

"The Gang Problem in Large and Small Cities: An Analysis of Police Perceptions in Nine States", by James F. Quinn, Peggy M. Tobolowsky, and William T. Downs, pp. 13-23.

"A Community-University Based Approach to Gang Intervention and Delinquency Prevention: Racine's Innovative Model for Small Cities", by Susan R. Takata and Charles Tyler, pp. 25-38.

"The Evolution of Gang Formation: Potentially Delinquent Activity and Gang Involvement", by Jeffery T. Walker, Judge Bill White, and E. Ashley White, pp. 39-50.

"A More Effective Strategy for Dealing With Inner City Street Corner Gangs", by Angelo Ralph Orlandella, pp. 51-60.

"An Interview with James F. Short, Jr.", by Eric L. Jensen, pp. 61-68.

Volume 2, Number 3 (Spring 1995):

"Gang Affiliation Among Asian-American High School Students: A Path Analysis of Social Development Model 1", by Zheng Wang, pp. 1-13.

"Predictors of Gang Violence: The Impact of Drugs and Guns on Police Perceptions in Nine States", by James F. Quinn and Bill Downs, pp. 15-27.

"Juvenile Gang Activity in Alabama", by Jerry C. Armor and Vincent Keith Jackson, pp. 29-35.

"Hispanic Perceptions of Youth Gangs: A Descriptive Exploration", by Marc Gertz, Laura Bedard, and Will Persons, pp. 37-49.

"Implications of the Shaw-McKay Studies and the Problems of Intervention in Gang Work", by Anthony Sorrentino, pp. 51-60..

"Findings on African-American Female Gang Members Using A Matched Pair Design", by George W. Knox, pp. 61-71.

Volume 2, Number 4 (Summer, 1995):

"Female Gang Members: A Growing Issue for Policy Makers", by George T. Felkenes and Harold K. Becker, pp. 1-10.

"The Disaster Within Us: Urban Conflict and Street Gang Violence in Los Angeles", by John P. Sullivan and Martin E. Silverstein, pp. 11-30.

"Patterns of Gang Activity in a Border Community", by William B. Sanders and S. Fernando Rodriguez, pp. 31-43.

"Blood-in, Blood-out: The Rationale Behind Defecting From Prison Gangs", by Robert S. Fong, Ronald E. Vogel, and Salvador Buentello, pp. 45-51.

"Potential Research Areas for Addressing Gang Violence", by Shirley R. Holmes, pp. 53-57.

"Preliminary Results of the 1995 National Prosecutor's Survey", a report of the National Gang Crime Research Center, pp. 59-71.

Volume 3, Number 1 (Fall 1995):

"Gang Enforcement Problems and Strategies: National Survey Findings", by Claire M. Johnson, Barbara A. Webster, Edward F. Connors, and Diana J. Saenz, pp. 1-18.

"Delinquency in Chicago During the Roaring Twenties: Assembling Reality in Ethnography", by Karen A. Joe, pp. 19-32.

"Investigating Gang Structures", by Cheryl L. Maxson and Malcolm W. Klein, pp. 33-40.

"Victimization Patterns of Asian Gangs in the United States", by John Huey-Long Song and Lynn M. Hurysz, pp. 41-49.

"Tattoos and the New Urban Tribes", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter, pp. 51-54.

"Gang Profile: The Gangster Disciples", by George W. Knox and Leslie L. Fuller, pp. 58-76.

Volume 3, Number 2 (Winter 1996):

"Gang Migration: The Familial Gang Transplant Phenomenon", by John A. Laskey, pp. 1-15.

"Community Strategies to Neutralize Gang Proliferation", by James F. Anderson and Laronistine Dyson, pp. 17-26.

"Preliminary Results of the 1995 Adult Corrections Survey: A Special Report of the National Gang Crime Research Center", pp. 27-63.

"Gang Profile: The Black Gangsters, AKA 'New Breed'", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 64-76.

Volume 3, Number 3 (Spring, 1996):

"What Works: The Search for Excellence in Gang Intervention Programs", by James G. Houston, pp. 1-16.

"A Violent Few: Gang Girls in the California Youth Authority", by Jill Leslie Rosenbaum, pp. 17-23.

"Specialization Patterns of Gang and Nongang Offending: A Latent Structure Analysis", by Kevin M. Thompson, David Brownfield, and Ann Marie Sorenson, pp. 25-35.

"The 'Tabula Rasa' Intervention Project for Delinquent Gang-Involved Females", by Ernest M. DeZolt, Linda M. Schmidt, and Donna C. Gilcher, pp. 37-43.

"Gang Profile: The Black Disciples", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 45-65.

Editorial on O.J.J.D.P., pp. 72-74.

Volume 3, Number 4 (Summer, 1996):

"Inside Gang Society: How Gang Members Imitate Legitimate Social Forms", by Alice P. Franklin Elder, Ph.D., pp. 1-12.

"Defiance and Gang Identity: Quantitative Tests of Qualitative Hypotheses", by Gary F. Jensen, pp. 13-29.

"Factors Associated With Gang Involvement Among Incarcerated Youths", by William Evans and Alex Mason, pp. 31-40.

"Research Note: The 1996 National Law Enforcement Gang Analysis Survey — A Special Report from the NGCRC", pp . 41-55.

"Gang Profile: The Black P. Stone Nation", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 57-74

Volume 4, Number 1(Fall, 1996):

"The Extent and Dynamics of Gang Activity in Juvenile Correctional Facilities", by Sandra S. Stone, Ph.D. and Jerry Wycoff, Ph.D., pp. 1-8.

"A Comparative Analysis of Female Gang and Non-Gang Members in Chicago", by Jean Chang, Ph.D., pp. 9-18.

"Joining the Gang: A Look at Youth Gang Recruitment", by Thomas A. Rees, Jr., pp. 19-25.

"Side by Side: An Ethnographic Study of a Miami Gang", by Wilson R. Palacios, pp. 27-38.

"Views from the Field: Not Just Removing Tattoos", by Brian M. Bochenek, pp. 39-42.

"Gang Profile: The Latin Kings", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 43-72.


Volume 4, Number 2 Winter, 1997):

"Black Youth Gangs", by Janice Joseph, Ph.D., pp. 1-12.

"Causes of Gang Participation and Strategies for Prevention in Gang Members' Own Words", by Suman K. Sirpal, pp. 13-22.

"Kindred Spirits: Sister Mimetic Societies and Social Responsibilities", by Cheryl A. Kirk-Duggan, pp. 23-36.

"The Social Reality of Street Gangs", by David E. Neely, pp. 37-46.

"Research Note: A Gang Classification System for Corrections — A Special Report of the NGCRC", pp. 47-57.

"Gang Profile: The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation of New York", by G.V. Corbiscello, pp. 59-74.

Volume 4, Number 3 (Spring 1997):

"The Gang Snitch Profile", by John A. Laskey, pp. 1-16.

"Helping Schools Respond to Gang Violence", by Tom Batsis, pp. 17-22.

"A Regional Gang Incident Tracking System", by Bryan Vila and James W. Meeker, pp. 23-36.

"Views from the Field: A Street Gang in Fact", by Fernando Parra, pp. 37-38.

"Views from the Field: GD Peace Treaty Fails in Gary", by Curtis J. Robinson, pp. 39-40.

"Research Note: The Facts About Female Gang Members", pp. 41-59.

"Crips: A Gang Profile Analysis", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 61-75.

Volume 4, Number 4 (Summer 1997):

"Introducing Gang Evidence Against a Criminal Defendant at Trial", by James G. Guagliardo, J.D. and Sgt. Michael Langston, pp. 1-10.

"Correlates of Gang Membership: A Test of Strain, Social Learning, and Social Control Theories", by David Brownfield, Kevin M. Thompson, and Ann Marie Sorenson, pp. 11-22.

"Origins and Effects of Prison Drug Gangs in North Carolina", by Dennis J. Stevens, pp. 23-35.

"A Socioeconomic Comparison of Drug Sales by Mexican-American and Mexican Immigrant Male Gang Members", by Harold K. Becker, George T. Felkenes, Lisa Magana, and Jill Huntley, pp. 37-47.

"Special Report: The Gang Problem in Chicago's Public Housing", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 49-65

"The Gang Dictionary: A Guide to Gang Slang, Gang Vocabulary, and Gang Socio-linguistic Phrases", pp. 66-75.

Volume 5, Number 1 (Fall 1997):

"Prison Gang Research: Preliminary Findings in Eastern North Carolina", by Mary S. Jackson and Elizabeth Gail Sharpe, M.S.W., pp. 1-7.

"Ideology and Gang Policy: Beyond the False Dichotomy", by J. Mitchell Miller, William J. Ruefle, and Richard A. Wright, pp. 9-20.

"The 'Get Out of the Gang Thermometer': An Application to a Large National Sample of African-American Male Youths", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 21-43.

"California Juvenile Gang Members: An Analysis of Case Records", by Jennifer Santman, Julye Myner, Gordon G. Cappeletty, and Barry F. Perimutter, pp. 45-53.

Views from the Field: Gangs in Sight, by Conny Vercaigne, pp. 55-61.

An Update on the Chicago Latin Kings, by George W. Knox, pp. 63-76.

Volume 5, Number 2 (Winter 1998):

"Bullying Behavior in School: A Predictor of Later Gang Involvement", by Shirley R. Holmes, Ph.D. and Susan J. Brandenburg-Ayres, Ed.D., , pp. 1-6.

"Correlates of Gang Involvement Among Juvenile Probationers", by Jeffrey M. Jenson, Ph.D. and Matthew O. Howard, Ph.D., pp. 7-15.

"Common Characteristics of Gangs: Examining the Cultures of the New Urban Tribes", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., pp. 19-33.

"The Rural Gang Problem: A Case Study in the Midwest", by Michael P. Coghlan, pp. 35-40.

"Research Note: A Comparison of Two Gangs - The Gangster Disciples and the Vice Lords", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 41-50.

"Special Report: White Racist Extremist Gang Members - A Behavioral Profile", pp. 51-60.

"Gang Profile: A Nation of Gods - The Five Percent Nation of Islam", by G.V. Corbiscello, pp. 61-73.

Volume 5, Number 3 (Spring 1998):

"At-Risk Behavior and Group Fighting: A Latent Structure Analysis, by Kevin M. Thompson, David Brownfield, and Ann Marie Sorenson, pp. 1-14.

"Social and Psychological Characteristics of Gang Members", by Marc Le Blanc and Nadine Lanctot, pp. 15-28.

"Nickname Usuage by Gang Members", by Barbara H. Zaitzow, pp. 29-40.

"Prison Gangs in South Africa: A Comparative Analysis", by James G. Houston and Johan Prinsloo, pp. 41-52.

Special Report: An Update of Asian Gang Affiliation, by Zheng Wang, Ph.D., pp. 53-59.

Abstracts: The Preliminary Program of the 19998 Second International Gang Specialiast Training Conference, pp. 60-73.

Volume 5, Number 4 (Summer 1998):

"Development of an Instrument for Predicting At-Risk Potential for Adolescent Street Gang Membership", by Todd D. Negola, M.A., pp. 1-14.

"From Boozies to Bloods: Early Gangs in Los Angeles", by John C. Quicker and Akil Batani-Khalfani, pp. 15-22.

“A Descriptive and Comparative Analysis of Female Gang Members”, by Arthur J. Lurigio, James A. Schwartz, and Jean Chang, pp. 23-33.

"The Death of Telemachus: Street Gangs and the Decline of Modern Rites of Passage", by Andrew V. Papachristos, pp. 35-44.

"Views from the Field: Guidelines for Operating an Effective Gang Unit", by Sgt. Michael Langston, pp. 45-70.

"Special Report: How to Gang Proof Your Child", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 71-76.

Volume 6, Number 1 (Fall 1998):

"A Special Report from the National Gang Crime Research Center: Excerpts from the Economics of Gang Life", pp. 1-34.

"Views from the Field of Law Enforcment: A Speech by Sgt. Ron Stallworth", pp. 35-55.

"Views from the Vield of Corrections: A Speech to Inmates by Major Raymond Rivera", pp. 57-60.

"Gang Profile: Association Neta", by Sgt. Raymond E. Hehnly, pp. 61-68.

Volume 6, Number 2 (Winter 1999):

"Risk Factors Associated with Gang Joining Among Youth", by Sandra S. Stone, Ph.D., pp. 1-18.

"The Promulgation of Gang-Banging Through the Mass Media", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 19-38.

"Views from the Field: Gang Homicide Investigation", by Det. James Fanscali, pp. 39-46.

"Research Note: Asian Gangs", by Thomas F. McCurrie, Ph.D., pp. 47-52.

"Special Report: A Comparison of Gang Members and Non-Gang Members from Project GANGFACT", pp. 53-76.

Volume 6, Number 3 (Spring 1999):

"Goal Displacement at Leadership and Operational Levels of the Gang Organizatin", by Alice P. Franklin Elder, Ph.D., pp. 1-7.

"Skinheads: Manifestations of the Warrior Culture of the New Urban Tribes", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter Sr., pp. 9-21.

"Prison Gangs: The North Carolina Experience", by Barbara H. Zaitzow, Ph.D. and James G. Houston, Ph.D., pp. 23-32.

"Risk Behaviors for Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Gangs in Dallas, Texas", by Bertis B. Little, Ph.D.; Jose Gonzalez, M.S.S.W., Laura Snell, M.P.H., and Christian Molidor, Ph.D., pp. 33-47.

Research Note: "Juvenile Gang Members: A Public Health Perspective", by George W. Knox, Ph.D. and Edward D. Tromanhauser, Ph.D., pp. 49-60.

Gang Profile: The Brotherwoods - The Rise and Fall of a White-Supremacist Gang Inside a Kansas Prison, by Roger H. Bonner, pp. 61-76.


Volume 6, Number 4 (Summer 1999):

"A Comparison of Cults and Gangs: Dimensions of Coercive Power and Malevolent Authority", by George W. Knox, Ph.D., pp. 1-39.

"Jamaican Posses and Transnational Crimes", by Janice Joseph, Ph.D., pp. 41-47.

"The Affirmation of Hanging Out: The U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on Gang Busting Laws and Their Consequences", by Lewis Yablonsky, Ph.D., pp. 49-55.

"Trying to Live Gang-Free in Cicero, Illinois", by George W. Knox and Curtis J. Robinson., pp. 57-70.

"Views from the Field: The Impact of Gangs on Private Security in the Workplace", by Melvyn May, Ph.D., pp. 71-74.

Volume 7, Number 1: Fall, 1999

"Gang Prevention and Intervention in a Rural T own in California", by Karen Stum and Mayling Maria Chu, pp. 1 - 12.

"Gang Membership: Gang Formations and Gang Joining", by Steven R. Cureton, Ph.D., pp. 13-21.

"A New Breed of Warrior: The Emergence of American Indian Youth Gangs", by Julie A. Hailer and Cynthia Baroody Hart, pp. 23 - 33.

"Profiling the Satanic/Occult Dabblers in the Correctional Offender Population", by Curtis J. Robinson, pp. 35-66.

"Views from the Field: By Gordon McLean", pp. 72-75.

Volume 7, Number 2: Winter, 2000

"The Impact of the Federal Prosecution of the Gangster Disciples", by George W. Knox, pp. 1 - 64.

"Views from the Field: A Look Into the Michigan Department of Corrections STG/Gang Program", by Robert Mulvaney, STG Coordinator, pp. 65-66.

"Legal Note: Additional Civil Suits Against Gangs in Illinois", pp. 67-73.

"Views From the Field: A.D., After the Disciples: The Neighborhood Impact of a Federal Prosecution", by Andrew V. Papachristos, pp. 74-76.

Volume 7, Number 3: Spring, 2000

"A National Assessment of Gangs and Securty Threat Groups (STGs) in Adult Correctional Institutions: Results of the 1999 Adult Corrections Survey", by George W. Knox, pp. 1 - 45.

"The Preliminary Program for Gang College 2000: Confirmed Trainers and Presenters With Session Length and Abstracts/Bios", pp. 47 - 71.

"Information About Gang College 2000", pp. 72-76.

Volume 7, Number 4: Summer, 2000

"Overcoming Problems Associated with Gang Research: A Standardized and Systemic Methodology", by Douglas L. Yearwood and Richard Hayes, pp. 1 - 8.

"The Gangbangers of East Los Angeles: Sociopsycho-analytic Considerations", by Gene N. Levine and Fernando Parra, pp. 9 - 12.

"A Corporation-Based Gang Prevention Approach: Possible? Preliminary Report of A Corporate Survey", by John Z. Wang, Ph.D., pp. 13-28.

"Homicide in School: A Preliminary Discussion", by Shirley R. Holmes, Ph.D., pp. 29-36.

"Special Report of the NGCRC: Findings from Project GANGMILL", pp. 37-76.

Volume 8, Number 1: Fall, 2000

"Frederic M. Thrasher (1892-1962) And The Gang (1927)", by Gilbert Geis and Mary Dodge, pp. 1-49.

"Asian Gangs: New Challenges in the 21st Century", by John Z. Wang, pp. 51-62.

"Street Gangs and Apartment Housing in America: A Qualitative Assessment", by Michael J. Witkowski, CPP, pp. 63-70.

Volume 8, Number 2: Winter, 2001

"Vietnamese Gangs, Cliques, and Delinquents", by Yoko Baba, pp. 1-20..

"Adolescents Leaving Gangs: An Analysis of Risk and Protective Factors, Resilency and Desistance in A Developmental Context", by Laura Caldwell and David M. Altschuler, pp. 21-34.

"Ecological Assessment: Establishing Ecological Validity in Gang Intervention Strategies - A Call for Ecologically Sensitive Assessment of Gang Affected Youth", by Thomas Boerman, pp. 35-48.

"Totemism and Symbolism in the White Supremacist Movements: Images of an Urban Warrior Culture", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., Ed.D., pp. 49-75.

Volume 8, Number 3: Spring, 2001

“The Relationship between Gang and Other Group Involvement and the Use of Illicit Drugs: Findings From Maryland’s Offender Population Urinalysis Screening (OPUS) Program”, by George S. Yacoubian, Jr.,; Delcie G. Rico; Elisabeth Fost; Blake J. Urbach; and Eric D. Wish, pp. 1 - 11.

"Program Information on the 4th International Gang Specialist Training Program: Chicago, IL, Aug. 15-17, 2001: Confirmed Trainers and Presenters With Session Length and Abstracts/Bios", pp. 13-31

"Abstract Information for the Summer, 2001 Training Conference", pp. 33 - 76.

Volume 8, Number 4: Summer, 2001

"A Statewide Assessment of Gangs in Public Schools: Origins, Membership and Criminal Activities", by Douglas L. Yearwood and Richard Hayes, pp. 1-12.

"The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Veterano Chicano Gang Members and the (Dys)Functional Aspects of the Role", by Fernando Parra, pp. 13-18.

"A Gang By Any Other Name is Just a Gang: Towards an Expanded Definition of Gangs", by James F. Anderson, Nancie J. Mangels, and Laronistine Dyson, pp. 19-34.

"Legal, Ethical and Clinical Implications of Doing Field Work with Young Gang Members Who Engage in Serious Violence", by Mark Totten, pp. 35-56.

Gang Profile: "The Satan's Disciples", by George W. Knox, pp. 57-76.

Volume 9, Number 1: Fall, 2001

"Bomb and Arson Crimes Among American Gang Members: A Behavioral Science Profile --- A Special Report by the National Gang Crime Research Center", pp. 1-38.

"Methamphetamine Use and Sales Among Gang Members: The Cross-Over Effect", by Curtis J. Robinson, pp. 39-52.

"Gang Profile Update: The Black P. Stone Nation", by George W. Knox, pp. 53-76.

Volume 9, Number 2: Winter, 2002

"Distinguishing the Effects of Peer Delinquency and Gang Membership on Self-Reported Delinquency", by David Brownfield and Kevin Thompson, pp. 1-10.

"Familial Crimnality, Familial Drug Use, and Gang Membership: Youth Criminality, Drug Use, and Gang Membership - What are the Connnections?", by Suman Kakar, pp. 11-22.

"Differentiating Factors in Gang and Drug Homicide", by Gerri-Ann Brandt and Brenda Russell, pp. 23-40.

"Applying Self-Control Theory to Gang Membership in a Non-Urban Setting", by Trina L. Hope and Kelly R. Damphouse, pp. 41-61.

NGCRC Special Report: "Responding to Gangs in the 21st Century: A Research and Policy View", by George W. Knox, pp. 63-74.

Book Review: Hope Fulfilled for At-Risk and Violent Youth, reviewed by Shirley R. Holmes, pp. 75-76.

Volume 9, Number 3: Spring, 2002

Special Report: "The Melanics - A Gang Profile Analysis", by George W. Knox, pp. 1-76.

Volume 9, Number 4: Summer, 2002

"A Preliminary Profile of Laotian/Hmong Gangs: A California Perspective", by John Z. Wang, pp. 1-14.

"The Perceived Effects of Religion on White Supremacist Culture", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter Sr., pp. 15-24.

"From Religious Cult to Criminal Gang: The Evolution of Chinese Triads (Part 1)", by Hua-Lun Huang and John Z. Wang, pp. 25-32.

"Dangerous Motorcycle Gangs: A Facet of Organized Crime in the Mid Atlantic Region", by Richard C. Smith, Sr.

"The Drivers License: A Suggested Gang Suppression Strategy", by James O. Henkel and Philip L. Reichel, pp. 45-56.

Abstracts of the Preliminary Program for the 2002 Fifth International Gang Specialist Training Conference, August 14-16, 2002, Chicago, IL, pp. 57-75.

Volume 10, Number 1: Fall, 2002

"Work, Workplace Deviance, and Criminal Offenders: An Analysis of Project GANGMILL", by Michael J. Witkowski, Robert J. Homant, aned Erick Barnes, pp. 1-10.

"Predictors of Gang Involvement Among American Indian Adolescents", by Les B. Whitbeck, Dan R. Hoyt, Xiaojin Chen, and Jerry D. Stubben, pp. 11-26.

"Promising (And Not-So-Promising) Gang Prevention and Intervention Strategies: A Compehensive Literature Review", by Jeanne B. Stinchcomb, pp. 27-46.

"The "New" Female Gang Member: Anomaly or Evolution?", by James F. Anderson, Willie Brooks, Jr., Adam Langsam, and Laronistine Dyson, pp. 47-65.

Gang Profile Analysis: "Black Gods in Red Bank: The Five Percent Nation in Central New Jersey", by David J. Dodd and Damon Pearson, pp. 66-74.

Volume 10, Number 2: Winter, 2003

"Security Threat Groups: The Threat Posed by White Supremacist Organizations", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., pp. 1-24.

"White Supremacy Music - What Does it Mean to Our Youth", by Andrew M. Grascia, pp. 25-31.

"Confronting Transnational Gangs in the Americas", by Joseph Rogers, pp. 33-44.

"Native-American Youths and Gangs", by Janice Joseph and Dorothy Taylor, pp. 45-54.

"Chicano Music and Latino Rap and its Influence on Gang Violence and Culture", by Gabe Morales, pp. 55-63.

"Prison Deviance as a Predictor of General Deviance: Some Correlational Evidence from Project GANGMILL", by Robert J. Homant and Michael J. Witkowski, pp. 65-75.

Volume 10, Number 3: Spring, 2003

"A Modus Operandi Analysis of Bank Robberies by An Asian Gang: Implications for Law Enforcement", by John Z. Wang, pp. 1-12.

"Strategic Planning for Law Enforcement Agencies: Management as a Gang Fighting Strategy", by Lt. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., pp. 13-23.

"Street Gangs: Utilizing Their Roll Calls for Investigative and Research Purposes", by Ken Davis, pp. 25-36.

"Gang Violence in Rural Georgia: A Community's Fight", by Shirley R. Holmes and Joe Amerling, pp. 37-64.

Gang Threat Analysis: "The Chaldean Mafia: A Preliminary Gang Threat Analysis", by George Knox, pp. 65-76.

Volume 10, Number 4: Summer, 2003

“Female Gangs and Patterns of Female Delinquency in Texas”, by Alan C. Turley, pp. 1-12.

“How Do Youth Claiming Gang Membership Differ From Youth Who Claim Membership in Another Group, Such As A Crew, Clique, Posse, or Mob?”, by Julie M. Amato and Dewey G. Cornell, pp. 13-23.

“The Effect of Gang Membership on Parole Outcome”, by Marilyn D. McShane, Frank P. Williams III, and H. Michael Dolny, pp. 25-38.

“Connecting Students At-Risk to Schools: Social Program Interventions”, by Shirley R. Holmes, Susan J. Brandenburg-Ayres, and Daria T. Cronic, pp. 39-46.

Volume 11, Number 1: Fall, 2003

“Differential Association and Gang Membership”, by David Brownfield, pp. 1-12.

“Do Gangs Exist in Rural Areas and Small Cities: Perceptions of Law Enforcement Agencies”, by Satasha L. Green, pp. 13-31.

“Girls in Gangs: Biographies and Culture of Female Gang Associates in New Zealand”, BY Greg Newbold and Glennis Dennehy, pp. 33-53.

“Gangster Rap - The Real Words Behind the Songs”, by Andrew M. Grascia, pp. 55-63.

“Why Do Children Join Gangs?”, pp. 65-75.

Volume 11, Number 2: Winter 2004

An Assessment of Gang Presence and Related Activity at the County Level: Another Deniability Refutation”, by J. Mitchell Miller, et al, pp. 1-22.

“Mara Salvatrucha (MS 13) in Montgomery County Maryland”, by Jeffrey T. Wennar, pp. 23-28.

“Gang Violence: Mara Salvatrucha - Forever Salvador”, by Andrew M. Grascia, pp. 29-36.

Exporting American Organized Crime - Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs”, by Tom Barker, pp. 37-50.

“Skinheads: A Three Nation Comparison”, by Wendy L. Hicks, pp. 51-74.

Volume 11, Number 3: Spring 2004

“Females and Gangs: Sexual Violence, Prostitution, and Exploitation”, by George W. Knox, pp. 1-15.

Special Report: The Preliminary Program of the 2004 NGCRC 7th International Gang Specialist Training Program, Chicago, IL”, pp. 16-76.

Volume 11, Number 4: Summer 2004

“The Truth about Outlaw Bikers & What You Can Expect If They Come To Your Town”, by Andrew M. Grascia, pp. 1-16.

“Gang Unit Journal, Part I: ‘There’s Always a But...’”, by Karen de Olivares, pp. 17-24.

“Prison Gang Leadership: Traits Identified by Prison Gangsters”, by Sandra Fortune, pp. 25-46.

“Let Senior Brothers/Sisters Meet Junior Brothers/Sisters: The Categorical Linkages between Traditional Chinese Secret Associations and Modern Organized Chinese Underground Groups”, by Hua-Lun Huang, pp. 47-68.

Volume 12, Number 1: Fall, 2004

Special Issue - “The Problem of Gangs and Security Threat Groups (STG’s) in American Prisons Today: A Special NGCRC Report”, pp. 1-76.

Volume 12, Number 2: Winter, 2005

“Working With Youth Street Gangs and Their Families: Utilizing a Nurturing Model for Social Work Practice”, by Mary S. Jackson, Lessie Bass, and Elizabeth G. Sharpe, pp. 1-17.

“Youth Gangs of Rural Texas: College Students Speak Out”, by Satasha L. Green, pp. 19-40.

“Gang Behavior and Movies: Do Hollywood Gang Films Influence Violent Gang Behavior?”, by Chris J. Przemieniecki, pp. 41-71.

Volume 12, Number 3: Spring, 2005:

“The Ku Klux Klan: Evolution Towards Revolution”, by LT. Gregg W. Etter Sr., Ed.D., David H. McElreath, Ph.D., and Chester L. Quarles, Ph.D., pp. 1-16

Abstracts for the 2005 Gang Specialist Training Program, pp. 17-76

Volume 12, Number 4: Summer, 2005:

Correlates of Hispanic Female Gang Membership”, by Dorothy D. Sule, pp. 1-23.

The Impact of Gang Membership on Mental Health Symptoms, Behavior Problems and Antisocial Criminality of Incarcerated Young Men”, by Kevin Corcoran, Alex Washington, and Nancy Meyers, pp. 25-35.

Beyond the Lenses of the ‘Model’ Minority Myth: A Descriptive Portrait of Asian Gang Members”, by Glenn T. Tsunokai, pp. 37-58.

Golden Parachutes and Gangbanging: Taiwanese Gangs in Suburban Southern California”, by Kay Kei-ho Pih and KuoRay Mao, pp. 59-72.

Views from the Field: Memorandum in Support of Gang Expert Testimony”, by Jeffrey T. Wenner, pp. 73-76.

Vol. 13, No. 1: Fall, 2005:

Gangs in the Law: A Content Analysis of Statutory Definitions for the Term Gang”, by D. Lee Gilbertson and Seth J. Malinski, pp. 1-16.

“The Linkages Between Street Gangs and Organized Crime: The Canadian Experience”, by Katharine Kelly and Tullio Caputo, pp. 17-31.

“Drug Use Among East African and Middle Eastern Immigrants: The Khat is out of the Bag”, by LT Gregg W. Etter, Sr., Ed.D., and Mohamed A. Ali, pp. 33-40.

Gang Membership, Delinquent Friends and Criminal Family Members: Determining the Connections”, by Suman Kakar, pp. 41-52.

Vol. 13, No. 2: Winter, 2006:

“El remolque y el vacil: HIV Risk Among Street Gangs in El Salvador”, by Julia Dickson-Gomez, Gloria Bodnar, Aradenia Guevara, Karla Rodriguez, and Mauricio Gaborit, pp. 1-26.

“Motorcycle Gangs: The New Face of Organized Crime”, by Edward J. McDermott, pp. 27-36.

“Girls, Gangs and Crime: Profile of the Young Female Offender”, by Lianne Archer and Andrew M. Grascia, pp. 37-49.

Vol. 13, No. 3: Spring, 2006:

“The Use of Social Network Analysis (SNA) in the Examination of an Outlaw Motorcycle Gang”, by Donnay McNally and Jonathan Alston, pp. 1-25.

Official Proceedings: Session Abstracts for the 2006 NGCRC 9th International Gang Specialist Training Conference, Chicago, Illinois, pp. 27-74.

Vol. 13, No. 4: Summer, 2006:

“An Assessment of Hispanic/Latino Gangs in North Carolina: Findings from a General Law Enforcement Survey”, by Alison Rhyne and Douglas L. Yearwood, pp. 1-14.

“Asian Gang Homicides and Weapons: Criminalistics and Criminology”, by D.A. Lopez, pp. 15-29.

“A Defiance Theory of Sanctions and Gang Membership”, by David Brownfield, pp. 31-43.

Views from the Field: “Opportunities Missed: Montgomery County Gang Prevention Task Force”, by Jeffrey T. Wennar, pp. 45-50.

Vol. 14, No. 1: Fall, 2006:

Special Report from the NGCRC: “Findings from the K-12 Survey Project: A Special Report of the NGCRC on Gang Problems in American Public Schools”, by George W. Knox, pp. 1-52.

Vol. 14, No. 2: Winter 2007:

 “Hispanic/Latino Gangs: A Comparative Analysis of Nationally Affiliated and Local Gangs”, by Douglas L. Yearwood and Alison Rhyne, pp. 1-18.

Gangs and Terrorists in the Americas: An Unlikely Nexus”, by Joseph Rogers, pp. 19-30.

Gangster ‘Blood’ over College Aspirations: The Implications of Gang Membership for One Black Male College Student”, by Steven Cureton and Rochelle Bellamy, pp. 31-49.

Vol. 14, No. 3: Spring, 2007:

“The Gang’s All Here: The Globalization of Gang Activity”, by Jodi Vittori, pp. 1-34.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2007 NGCRC Training Conference, Course Abstracts”, pp. 35-76.

Volume 14, No. 4, Summer: 2007:

Third Generation Gang Studies: An Introduction”, by John P. Sullivan and Robert J. Bunker, pp. 1-10.

Theoretical Foundations for Gang Membership”, by Michael Klemp-North, pp. 11-26.

Street gangs in Indian Country: A Clash of Cultures”, by Christopher M. Grant and Steve Feimer, pp. 27-66.

“A Call for an Assessment-Based Approach to Gang Intervention”, by Thomas Boerman, pp. 67-73.

Volume 15, No. 1, Fall, 2007:

The Organizational Structure of Street Gangs in Newark, New Jersey: A Network Analysis Methodology”,. By Jean Marie McGloin, pp. 1-34.

Central American Gangs: An Overview of the Phenomenon in Latin America and the U.S.”, by Thomas Boerman, pp. 35-52.

Volume 15, No. 2, Winter, 2008:

“Graffiti Formats: Are they Gangs or Graffiti Crews?”, by Kenneth A. Davis, pp. 1-18.

A Comprehensive Literature Review of Rural Youth Gangs”, by Karen L. Wilson, pp. 19-32.

“Border Crossings: A Look at the Very Real Threat of Cross Border Gangs to the U.S.”, by G.V. Corbiscello, pp. 33-52.

Volume 15, No. 3, Spring , 2008:

Exploring the Experiences of Asian Youth in the Criminal Justice System in Canada”, by Siu-ming Kwok, pp. 1-17.

The Preliminary Program Listing of the 2008 NGCRC 11th International Gang Specialist Training Conference: Session Abstracts”, pp. 18-68.

Volume 15, No. 4, Summer, 2008.

Understanding Gang Theories: Social Process Theories, Part One”, by Mario L. Hesse, pp. 1-14.

“Antecedents to Gang Membership: Attachments, Beliefs, and Street Encounters with the Police”, by Arthur L. Lurigio, Jamie L. Flexon, and Richard G.Greenleaf, pp. 15-33.

Female Gang Members and Desistance: Pregnancy as a Possible Exit Strategy”, by Jennifer A. Varriale, pp. 35-64.

Gang Affiliation and Negative Perceptions About Authority, Law Enforcement, and Laws: Is Gang Affiliation a Precursor to Becoming a Threat to Homeland Security and Terrorism?”, by Suman Kakar, pp. 65-76.

Volume 16, No. 1, Fall, 2008:

Examining the Demographics of Street Gangs in Wichita, Kansas”, by Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., and Warren G. Swymeler, pp. 1-12.

“Relationship of Latino Gang Membership to Anger Expression, Bullying, Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem”, by Ede L.Lemus and Fred A. Johnson, pp. 13-32.

“Gangs and Gang Violence in School”, by Janice Joseph, pp. 33-50.

Volume 16, No. 2, Winter, 2009:

“Are Gangs a Social Problem”, by D. Lee Gilbertson, pp. 1-25.

Healing Connections: Rising Above the Gang”, by Tania Lafontaine, Sharon Acoose, and Bernard Schissel, pp. 26-55.

“In Their Own Words: A Study of Gang Members Through Their Own Perspective”, by Aleljandro del Carmen, John J. Rodriguez, Rhonda Dobbs, Richard Smith, Randall R. Butler, and Robert Sarver III, pp. 57-76.

Volume 16, No. 3, Spring, 2009:

“Explaining Gang Involvement and Delinquency among Asian Americans: An Empirical Test of General Strain Theory”, by Glenn T. Tsunokai and Augustine J. Kposowa, pp. 1-33.

The Preliminary Program Listing of the 2009 NGCRC 12th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 12-14, 2009 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios, pp. 34-76.

Volume 16, No. 4, Summer, 2009:

MS-13: A Gang Profile”, by Jennifer J. Adams and Jesenia M. Pizarro, pp. 1-14.

Weapon Related Violence among Students in Philadelphia and Toronto: The Gang Connection”, by Jennifer E. Butters, Lana Harrison, Edward Adlaf, and Patricia G. Erickson, pp. 15-34.

The Psychological Effect of Exposure to Gang Violence on Youth: A Pilot Study”, by Sarah Kelly, Debra Anderson, and Ann Peden, pp. 35-52.

Volume 17, No. 1, Fall, 2009:

How Street Gangs Recruit and Socialize Members”, by Stanley S. Taylor, pp. 1-27.

“Lessons Learned from the National Evaluation of the Gang-free Schools and Community Program”, by Jennifer Scherer, Dana Thompson Dorsey, and Daniel Catzva, pp. 29-44.

By Working Together We Can Support Youth: Observations from a Preliminary Evaluation of the Community solution to Gang Violence”, by Jana Grekul, Pattie LaBoucane-Benson, and Karen Erickson, pp. 45-67.

“Statistical Evaluation Results from the 2009 NGCRC Training Conference”, pp. 68-72.

Volume 17, No. 2, Winter, 2010:

Mara Salvatrucha 13: A Transnational Threat”, by Gregg W. Etter Sr., pp. 1-17.

“Recent Gang Activity in Jamaican High Schools”, by Lorna Grant, Camille Gibson, and Edward Mason, pp. 19-35.

“Gangs in North Carolina: Responding to a Legislative Study Mandate”, by Douglas L. Yearwood and Richard Hayes, pp. 36-52.

Volume 17, No. 3, Spring, 2010:

The Presence of Serious Gang Involvement in Elementary Schools”, by Mahfuzul I. Khondaker, Kennon Rice, and Brenda Russell, pp. 1-9.

The Preliminary Program for the 2010 NGCRC 13th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 16-18, 2010 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios”, pp. 10-76.


Volume 17, No. 4, Summer, 2010:

“Social Control, Self-Control, and Gang Membership”, by David Brownfield, pp. 1-12.

Gangs Go to College: A Preliminary Report”, by Tom W. Cadwallader, pp. 13-20.

The Perceived Effects of Precursor Laws on Domestic Methamphetamine Production”, by Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., and Cclarinda W. Garrett, pp. 21-37.

Charismatic Role Theory: Towards a Theory of Gang Dissipation”, by Christian Bolden, pp. 39-70.

Volume 18, No. 1, Fall, 2010:

“Recent Patterns in Gang Prevalence: A Two State Comparison”, by Jeff Rojek, Matthew Petrocelli, and Trish Oberweis, pp. 1-17.

The Fourty-Two Gang: The Unpublished Landesco Manuscripts”, by Robert M. Lombardo, pp. 19-38.

“Lost Souls of Society Become Hypnotized by Gangsterism”, by Steven R. Cureton, pp. 39-52.

Volume 18, No. 2, Winter, 2011:

Players, Social Bandits, Would-Be Radical Revolutionaries: Examining Hip-Hop, Narcocorrido, and neo-Nazi Hate Rock”, by Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., pp. 1-22.

“Building Collective Efficacy and Sustainability Into a Community Collaborative: Community Solution to Gang Violence”, by Jana Grekul, pp. 23-45.

“Special Report: Little Hope in 2011 for Federal Anti-Gang Legislation”, by George W. Knox, pp. 46-52.

Volume 18, No. 3, Spring, 2011:

“Alabama Prison Gang Survey”, by Richard H. Martin, Jeffrey L. Gwynne, Robert Parillo, Bar Younker, Jr., and Reginald Carter, pp. 1-19.

“Preliminary Program for the 2011 NGCRC 14th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 8-10, 2011): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios”, pp. 20-76.


Volume 18, No. 4, Summer, 2011:

"Documenting the Pilot: The Military Gang Perception Questionnaire (MGPQ)", by Carter F. Smith, pp. 1-17.

"Drug Wars: It is Not All Quiet on the Mexican Front", by Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., pp. 19-45.

"Views From the Field: The Early Days of Military Gang Investigating", by Carter F. Smith, pp. 46-52.


Volume 19, No. 1, Fall, 2011:

"Adolescent Males' Perceptions of Gangs and Gang Violence", by Sarah Kelly, Debra Anderson, Lynne Hall, Ann Peden, and Julie Cerel, pp. 1-8.

"A Comprehensive Literature Review of Military-Trained Gang Members", by Carter F. Smith, pp. 9-20.

"Psychological and Cultural Aspects of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs Members", by Brandon Prenger and Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., 21-36.

"Use of the Teardrop Tattoo by Young Street Gang Members in Canada", by Mark Totten, pp. 37-52.


Volume 19, No. 2, Winter, 2012:

"Gays in the Gang", by Mark Totten, pp. 1-24.

"Gender and Gang Membership: Testing Theories to Account for Different Rates of Participation", by David Brownfield, pp. 25-32.

"Globalization and Gang Growth: The Four Phenomena Affect", by M. Michaux Parker, pp. 33-49.


Volume 19, No. 3, Spring, 2012:

"Predicting Fear of Gangs among High School Students in Chicago", by Arthur J. Lurigio, Jamie L. Flexon, and Richard G. Greenleaf, pp. 1-12.

"The Preliminary Program for the 2012 NGCRC 15th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (July 23-25, 2012 - Chicgo): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios, pp. 13-76.


Volume 19, No. 4, Summer, 2012:

"A Crucible of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited", by John P. Sullivan and Robert J. Bunker, pp. 1-20.

"Gangs in the Village: Re-conceptualizing Gangs as a Social Work Phenomenon", by M. Michaux Parker, Jennifer J. McRant, and Shereuka L. Coleman, pp. 21-36.

"The Gang Officer's Perception: Measuring Intervention Propensity Among Gang Investigators", by Blake Lafond, Shruti Mehta, and Richard Hayes, pp. 37-51.


Volume 20, No. 1, Fall, 2012:

"The Industrial Organization of Street Gangs", by David Skarbek and Russell Sobel, pp. 1-17.

"Are You Down? Power Relations and Gender Reconstruction Among Latina Gang Members in Los Angeles", by Abigail Kolb and Ted Palys, pp. 19-32.

"Views from the Field: Flashgangs and Flashgangbanging: How can local police prepare?", by Carter F. Smith, Jeffrey P. Rush, Daniel Robinson, and Megan Karmiller, pp. 33-50.

"Special NGCRC Report: The Problem of Gang and Security Threat Groups (STG's) in American Prisons and Jails Today", by George W. Knox, pp. 51-76.


Volume 20, No. 2, Winter, 2013:

“Teaching About Hate Crimes to University Students”, by Jeffery Johson, Gregg W. Etter, Sr.,, and Lynn W. Varner, pp. 1-8.

“Interactive Visualization of New Jersey Gang Data”, by Manfred Minimair, pp. 9-25.

“Gang Membership and Gender: Does Being a Female Gang Affect the Type, Frequency and Intensity of Crimes Committed?”, by Suman Kakar, pp. 27-40.

“Gangster Undergrads: Perceptions Regarding Gang Members in Colleges and Universities”, by Carter F. Smith, pp. 41-52.


Volume 20, No. 3, Spring, 2013:

“Youth Gangs in Contemporary China”, by Lening Zhang, pp. 1-18.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2013 NGCRC’s 16th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 5-7, 2013 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios”, pp. 19-76.


Volume 20, No. 4, Summer, 2013:

“The Mexican Drug Wars: Organized Crime, Narco-Terrorism, Insurgency or Asymmetric Warfare?”, by Dr. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., and Erica L. Lehmuth, pp. 1-34

“Gang Formation Revisited: A Human Development Framework to Inform Balanced Anti-Gang Strategies”, by Gilberto Q. Conchas and James Diego Vigil, pp. 35-52


Volume 21, No. 1, Fall, 2013:

“Making Sense Out of the Census: Identifying Relationships Between Census Data, Validated Gang Levels, and Index Crime Levels”, by Blake Lafond and Shruti Mehta, pp 1-16

“Street Gangs and Violence in Trinadad and Tobago”,by Randy Seepersad, pp. 17-42

“An Overview of a Gang Diversion Collaboration Operation by the Carson Sheriff’s Station in Los Angeles”, by Bill Sanders, pp. 43-52.


Volume 21, No. 2, Winter, 2014:

“Does Religion Matter? A Study of the Impact of Religion on Female Incarcerated Gang Members in a Bible Belt State”, by Nick Genty, A. Christon Adedoyin, Mary S. Jackson, and Mark Jones, pp. 1-16

“Understanding and Meeting the Needs of Formerly Gang-Affiliated Youth Through Tattoo-Removal Services”, by Sonia Jain, Adriana Mercedes Alvarado, Alison K. Cohen, and Quamrun Eldridge, pp. 17-31

“Barriers to Effective Gang-Member Reentry: An Examination of Street Gang-Affiliated Probation Revocation in a Southwestern State”, by Adam K. Matz, Kelli D. Stevens Martin, and Matthew T. DeMichele, pp. 32-51


Volume 21, No. 3, Spring, 2014:

“Transnationalism: Law Enforcement Perceptions of Gang Activity on the Texas/Mexico Border”, by John J. Rodriguez, Raymond A. Eve, Alejandro Del Carmen, and Seokjin Jeong, pp. 1-15.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2014 NGCRC 17th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 11-13, 2014 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios”, pp. 16-76.


Volume 21, No. 4, Summer, 2014:

“Testing a Subcultural Theory of Crime and Delinquency in a Gang Context”, by David Brownfield, pp. 1-9.

“Hate Crimes Against American Indians and Alaskan Natives”, by Hillary D. McNeel, pp. 11-21.

“The Transformation of Playgroups to Street Gangs”, by Tim Delaney, pp. 23-43.

“Cumulative Index to Articles Published in the Journal of Gang Research”, pp. 44-52.


Volume 22, No. 1, Fall, 2014:

“Anomie Theory and Gang Delinquency”, by David Brownfield, pp. 1-12.

“An Empirical Evaluation of the Project B.U.I.L.D. Gang Intervention Program”, by M. Michaux Parker, George Wilson, and Chalita Thomas, pp. 13-24.

“A Comparison of Gang and Non-gang Involved Adult Probationers in California’s Agricultural Heartland”, by James Eric Sutton and Jessica Erin Sutton, pp. 25-42.

“Views from the Field: Are We Color Blind to the Violence Behind Graffiti?”, by Kenneth A. Davis, pp. 43-50.


Volume 22, No. 2, Winter, 2015:

“Recent Literature on Approaches and Programs for Dealing with the Gang Phenomenon: Between Tradition and Innovation”, by Sylvie Hamel, Marc Alain, and Karine Messier-Newman, pp. 1-22.

“Military-Trained Gang Members – Two Different Perspectives”, by Carter F. Smith, pp. 23-38.

“Females and Emotional/Behavioral Disorders and Delinquency”, by Mickie Wong-Lo, Ph.D., pp. 39-51.


Volume 22, No. 3, Spring, 2015:

“Understanding Transnational Gangs and Criminal Networks: A Contribution to Community Resilience – A Social Network Analysis of the San Diego/Tijuana Border Region”, by Ami C. Carpenter and Stacey Cooper, p. 1-24.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2015 NGCRC’s 18th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 10-12, 2015 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios”, pp. 25-76.


Volume 22, No. 4, Summer, 2015:

“A Media Analysis of Gang-related Homicides in British Columbia from 2003 to 2013", by Samuel Jingfors, Gloria Lazzano, and Keiron McConnell, pp. 1-17.

“The Spearhead: Assessing Gangs and Community Vulnerability to Gang Infiltration”, by M. Michaux Parker and Stephanie Whitehead, pp. 19-35.

“Community Level Factors and Concerns Over Youth Gangs in First Nation Communities”, by Tullio Caputo and Katharine Kelly, pp. 37-52.


Volume 23, No. 1, Fall, 2015:

“What is the Nexus Between Organized Crime and Gangs?”, by Stephen L. Mallory, Michael P. Wigginton Jr., Gregg W. Etter Sr, Jeffery M. Johnson, and Sara Thomas, pp. 1-21.

“St. Louis Gang Violence and the Code of the Street”, by Grant Shostak, pp. 23-30.

“The Latent Catalyst: Clarifying the Impact of Gang Behavior on Juvenile Mental Illness Within a Multivariate Context”, by George Wilson, M. Michael Parker, and Charlita Thomas, pp. 31-43.

“A Synopsis of the NGCRC’s 2016 Gang Training Conference”, pp. 45-52.


Volume 23, No. 2, Winter, 2016:

“A Community-Based Soccer Program for At-Risk Youth in Ventanilla, Peru: An Examination of the Long Term Effectiveness of Club Deportivo Dan”, by Michael E. Antonio and Susan R. Shutt, pp. 1-18.

“Disproportionate Gang Crime and Violence in the West Zone of Greenville (Pitt County) North Carolina”, by James F. Anderson, Kelly Reinsmith-Jones, Laronistine Dyson, and Adam H. Langsam, pp. 19-40.

“When is a Prison Gang Not a Prison Gang: A Focused Review of Prison Gang Literature”, by Carter F. Smith, pp. 41-52.


Volume 23, No. 3, Spring, 2016:

“Disproportionate Minority Contact: Impact of Race and Risk Factors of First-Time Juvenile Offenders on Recidivism”, by Shelby Brisky, Yoshiko Takahashi, and Vanessa Hernandez, pp. 1-11.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2016 NGCRC’s 19th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 8-10, 2016 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts and Bios”, pp. 12-76.


Volume 23, No. 4, Summer, 2016:

“The Russian Mayfia: Examining the Thieves World From Thieves-In Law to Thieves in Authority”, by Gregg W. Etter Sr., and Stacia Pottorff, pp. 1-27.

“Nothing Works or Something Works? Gang-Crimes and Interventions in the Print Media”, by Xiaochen Hu and Layne Ditttman, pp. 29-50.

“Two Book Reviews” by Dr. Vicky Ganieany, pp. 51-52.


Volume 24, No. 1, Fall, 2016:

“Gang Membership and Suicidality in Adolescents”, by Shao-Chiu Juan and David Memenway, pp. 1-15.

“Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs as Complex Organizations”, by J. Randal Montgomery, pp. 17-36.

“Volunteer Stress: Examining Job-related Stress and Effects for Gang Officers in Tennessee”, by Tae Choo and Carter F. Smith, pp. 37-52.

“The Insane Spanish Cobras: A Gang Threat Analysis”, by Fred Moreno, pp. 53-76.


Volume 24, No. 2, Winter, 2017:

“I’m Just a Juggalo! Will the Gangs Go on Without Me?”, by Gregg W. Etter, Sr., Ed.D. and Hillary D. McNeel, M.S., pp. 1-14.

“The Non-Gang: A Retrospective Essay on Los Paisanos de L.A. in the 1960s”, by Fernando Parra, Frank Malgesini, and Anna Cecilia Villareal Ballesteros, pp. 15-22.

“Exploring Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome among African-American Adolescent Gang Members in Rural Areas: Suggestions for Therapeutic Interventions”, by Johnathan Brunson, Mary S. Jackson, A. Christon Adodeoyin, Monte Miller, Archie Pender, and Sturdivant David, pp. 23-34.

“Voices from a gang - A study of gang member and stories as told by themselves about upbringing, school and gang life - Gang research in a Danish context”, by Kirsten Elisa Petersen, pp. 35-52.


Volume 24, No. 3, Spring, 2017:

"Revisiting the Comprehensive Gang Intervention Model: Implementation, Data, and Program Impact in a Chronic Gang Site", by Mike Tapia and Carlos E. Posadas, pp. 1 - 16.

“The Preliminary Program for the 2017 NGCRC's 20th International Gang Specialist Training Conference (Aug. 7-9, 2017 - Chicago): The Course Titles, Abstracts, and Bios, pp. 17 - 76"

Volume 24, No. 4, Summer, 2017:

"Italian Organized Crime: Will the Real Mafia Please Stand Up", by Dr. Gregg W. Etter Sr., Ed.D., pp.1 - 38.

"Comparing Gang Crime Patterns of Two Different Land Uses with Intensity Value Analysis in Winston-Salem, NC", by Pedro M. Hernandez, pp. 39 - 44.

"Correctional Management of Security Risk Groups: A Case Study", by Divya Sharma, Ph.D. and Kim Marino, Ph.D., pp. 45 - 65.

Volume 25, No. 1, Fall, 2017:

“Chiraq: Oppression, Homicide, Concentrated Misery, and Gangsterism in Chicago”, by Steven R. Cureton, pp. 1-18.

“When It Gets Gangsta: An Examination of Gang-related K-12 School Violence Perpetrators”, by Gordon A. Crews, pp. 19-33.

“Using Anomie Theory to Examine Gang Fighting”, by Angela M. Collins and Scott Menard, pp. 35-49.